Social problems are the general factors that affect and damage society. Also known as social issues sometimes. A social problem is normally a term used to describe problems with a particular area or group of people in the world. Social problems often involve problems that affect the real world. It also affects how people react to certain situations.
Further analysis of Fulani herdsmen
Fulani herds men crises in Nigeria in general is a social problem with adverse effects and damage to the Nigerian Society, in 2014 more than 1200 lost their lives according to the most recent global terrorism index. This made the fulanis the world’s fourth deadliest militant group, according to reports.
“February’s masscre of some 300 people in central Benue state and last month’s raid in southern Enugu, where more than 40 were killed, caused an outrage across Nigeria. Properties were destroyed and thousands of people forced to flee their homes.” This according to BBC reports 2021.
Recently also are vast attacks in the southern areas of the country, Oyo state has reported several attacks as well as a declaration of state of emergency by the state government to cub the situation and ethnic clashes.
Looking at the above social problems it got us asking, who are the Fulani herds men?
They are believed to be the largest semi-nomadic group in the world and are found across West and Central Africa – from Senegal to the Central African Republic. In Nigeria, some continue to live as semi-nomadic herders, while other have moved to cities.
Unlike the more integrated city dwellers, the nomadic groups spend most of their lives in the bush and are the ones largely involved in these clashes
They herd their animals across vast areas, frequently clashing with farming communities
They are often linked with another group, the Hausas, having lived together for a very long time. Some refer to the Hausa-Fulanis but they are different groups
The Fulanis played a key role in 19th Century revival of Islam in Nigeria
What is the fighting about?
Disagreements over the use of essential resources such as farmland, grazing areas and water between herders and local farmers are said to be the major source of the fighting.
Fulani herders can travel hundreds of miles in large numbers with their cattle in search of pasture. They are often armed with weapons to protect their livestock.
They frequently clash with farmers who consistently accuse them of damaging their crops and failing to control their animals.
The Fulanis respond that they are being attacked by gangs from farming communities who try to steal their cattle and they are just defending themselves.
The conflict has cost Africa’s largest economy more than $14bn (£10bn) in the three years to 2015, according to the UK-based humanitarian organisation, Mercy Corps .
It has “impeded market development and economic growth by destroying productive assets, preventing trade, deterring investment, and eroding trust between markets actors,” it added in a report last July. The recent upsurge also represents a fresh security challenge for a country already stretched by the seven-year Boko Haram insurgency in its north-eastern region.
Unlike that crisis which is concentrated on a fraction of the country, this conflict is occurring in almost every part of Africa’s most populous nation.
The UN says it is worried by the ” complete impunity enjoyed so far by perpetrators of previous attacks”, and called on the government to do more to protect its citizens.